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When your application is running, you don’t have the same number of users all the time. During an event for example, the number of users can increase, as will the load on the server. If too many requests are done on your server at the same time, the response time will increase and could slow down your website.
To avoid this problem and keep a fast website, the main solution is to deploy more Scalers for your application to support the load. That’s what scaling is: adapting automatically the number of Scalers and their size to fit the load of your application, without any action from you.
Clever Cloud gives you the ability to fine tune your application’s scaling by managing both horizontal and vertical scaling. These two parameters can be combined to adapt to your needs.
What is a Scaler?
A Scaler is a Clever Cloud “instance”. It is an individual and independent virtual machine hosting your application. A Scaler is defined by two factors: RAM and CPU.
With the Scalers, Clever Cloud gives you the ability to scale your application up and down with two non exclusive methods: horizontal and vertical scaling.
To enable the scalability of your application, open the console and go in the “scalability” section of your application. Then, enable the auto-scalability.
You can enable it by defining how many maximum instances you need under the “Horizontal scaling” section of the “Scaling” menu.
In case of large traffic, we detect a high load on your application and spawn another instance in parallel. This will automatically set up another identical application with same size. Both will run in parallel with load balancing. If the traffic grows even more, we will repeat the process until the maximum instances count you defined.
This process is exactly the opposite when the load decreases. A Scaler is removed and so on till a minimum reasonable level is reached.
The following scheme depicts a Scaler replication in case of a load increase:
You can manage the range of Scalers you consider in the application configurator. The range is from 1 to 20.
In case of large traffic, we detect a high load on your application and set up a new larger Scaler.
In case of low traffic, we detect a low load and set up a new smaller Scaler.
You give more power to your application by setting up a larger instance that will replace the previous one. The more the load, the larger the instance.
The following scheme depicts a larger Scaler replacement in case of a load increase:
You can choose the type of Scalers you consider by defining a maximum instance size manually or just let Clever Cloud choose for you by defining nothing:
Combination of both scalings
When both scalings are set up, vertical scaling is privileged over horizontal scaling. In the case you set the vertical scaling from S to L, and the horizontal scaling from 2 scalers to 4 scalers, Clever Cloud will firstly increase the size of the 2 scalers already launched.
If the 2 initials scalers are at their maximum size, Clever Cloud will launch new scalers with the maximum size of scalers. This is how it’ll be done:
2-S => 2-M => 2-L => 3-L => 4-L.