Knowing your system – Part 5 – Source-based distributions: the binary way
Source-based distributions for huge server pools
At Clever Cloud, we decided to use a source-based GNU/Linux distribution called exherbo, which I'll blog about next week, because of its strictness and flexibility. Since we have to manage hundreds of servers and virtual machines, it would have been a big overload in energy consumption and in time invested if we managed it the "conventional" way. Indeed, compiling everything on the hypervisors could cause instabilities because of the CPUs being monopolised by the compilation process, leaving no power to virtual machines. The virtual machines would have the same problem, and for much longer, since you do not have the same power in a virtual machine than in an hypervisor, so compilations last longer.
This is why we decided to manage everything using binary packages. Wait… What? Binary packages in a source-based distribution? How?!
The search is over: paludis' pbins
Paludis comes with a very nice feature: pbins.
The concept is simple:
- You create an empty repository, anywhere in your filesystem, containing an empty
directory containing a file named
repo_namewhich contents is your binary repository name, like
- In your repository, create a
masters = arborin it.
- On your compilation node, create a configuration file for you binary repository
- On the other nodes, create a configuration file for it too. It's the same, without the lines starting with
and modifying the
A sample configuration file:
format = e location = /var/db/paludis/repositories/mybinaries sync = file:///var/db/paludis/repositories/mybinaries importance = 100 binary_destination = true binary_distdir = /var/cache/paludis/distfiles binary_keywords_filter = amd64 ~amd64 binary_uri_prefix = http://mybinaries.com/exherbo/
location is the place where you put your empty repository.
sync is the same that
location on the compilation node, and may refer to a git repository where you'll publish your binary repository on the other nodes.
binary_distdir is the directory where binary tarballs will be placed. I recommend you to make it point to the same place as where paludis downloads its distfiles, since it will be easier to maintain in further use. That's why I left the default value here.
binary_prefix is the URL where the generated tarballs will be available for the other nodes. Ensure that the /var/cache/paludis/distfiles directory is available via http at this URL.
You're now fully ready! All you have to do is create the binary packages on your compilation node, push the updated repository to your git server, sync it on the other boxes and you will be able to install your freshly made binary packages without having to compile them on all of your machines.
It's pretty simple to make binary packages, all you have to do is first to generate the binaries for everything you have installed:
cave resolve -xc world --make binaries --make-dependencies all
It will automatically generate packages and put tarballs in your distfiles directory. If you run this after updating your compilation box, it will only generate new binary packages for those that have changed.
Last thing you might want to know: to create a binary package for a package you do not have installed yet, just run
cave resolve -x --make binaries --make-dependencies all <insert a package name here>
It will create packages for all the dependencies, installing it afterwards, and finish by making the package for the software you asked.
Don't forget to push all changes on your git server!